has calculated the healthiest capital city in Europe using an expanse of data, collected from a number of sources including Numbeo, HPI ThinkTank, World Population Review, World Bank Group and Index Mundi

We collected data for 10 variables relating to health, which were each ‘ranked’ out of 46. (Because a total of 46 European capital cities were considered in this accumulative process). 

The 10 variables were: fitness club, monthly fee for 1 adult; life expectancy; air quality; water quality; overall quality of life; percent of GDP allocated to healthcare; cost of 5 fruit or vegetables; CO2 emissions; walk or cycle to work; quality of green spaces. 

The 5 capital cities which ranked the highest, and were therefore deemed healthiest, were: 

Perhaps unsurprisingly, two Nordic capital cities make the top five, Copenhagen (Denmark) and Helsinki (Finland) respectively. This is in line with similar studies which have often found Nordic countries and cities to be among the happiest, greenest and safest places to live in Europe. 

Among the lowest ranking capital cities were: 

While Baku (Azerbaijan) was found to be an affordable city for things like organic food and the cost of a gym membership, it failed to score highly among other variables such as CO2 emissions, air quality, water quality and health expenditure. 

“Not only are these variables representative of our physical wellbeing”, comments GP Clinical Lead at Dr Daniel Atkinson, “but they also relate to our psychological health. The quality of green spaces is a prime example of this. People need decent green spaces in their cities because they’re oxygen rich, of benefit to the respiratory system and can be prime locations to exercise freely. 

Psychologically, however, they’re also very significant - one study demonstrates this by revealing that 90% of people feel green spaces play a positive role in relation to their happiness and wellbeing. 

Other variables such as the overall quality of life, quality of air, quality of water and C02 emission index all relate to our psychological health as well as physical.”

Our results, in full, are as follows: 

If you would like to view our methodology, you can do so here