Cystitis is a condition which affects the bladder. It occurs when the urinary system becomes inflamed due to infection, typically by certain bacteria which can be carried in urine.
- Nearly all women will get cystitis at least once
- One in five of those will see repeated infections
- Treated with antibiotics
4 treatment(s) for Cystitis (UTI)
- Alternative to MacroBID in UTI
- Used if first-line not suitable
- 3-day course for women, 7-day for men
- Home urine test
- No lab analysis required
- Provides a result in 60 seconds
- Easy to use tablet
- Effective treatment for UTIs
- Available from our UK pharmacy
- Widely-used medication
- Alternative option for cystitis
- Used if first-line not suitable
Cystitis belongs to a category of illnesses called urinary tract infections, or UTIs. In everyday language (and depending on which part of the urinary system is affected) people may refer to UTIs as water infections or bladder infections. This type of condition occurs when part of the urinary system develops an infection, most typically due to bacteria. In the case of cystitis, it is the bladder which becomes affected, and symptoms of the condition may include: pain or discomfort during the passage of urine; a more frequent or urgent need to urinate; urinary discoloration or cloudiness; or lower abdominal pain.
The condition is a very common one, and affects women of any age. The NHS estimates that most women will experience the illness at some point in their lives, and that 20 percent of women who have had cystitis will see recurrent infections. While the condition can affect men, it is not nearly as common.
Bacteria is responsible for causing the infection in the majority of cases. The spread of this might be induced through various means, such as: transferring bacteria from the anus to the vagina when wiping after going to the toilet; sexual intercourse; use of a tampon; or the use of a contraceptive diaphragm.
In milder instances, infections can clear up on their own after a few days. People are usually advised to drink plenty of water to help flush the infection out. However, more severe cases may require medical attention as, left untreated, bladder infections can sometimes spread to the kidneys and lead to serious illness. In any event, if your symptoms persist or cause you to feel significant discomfort, you should seek treatment.
When treatment is recommended for UTIs, this is issued in the form of antibiotics. Currently, the preferred treatments for infections of this type are Trimethoprim and nitrofurantoin (MacroBID). If these are not suitable (for instance, if a patient can’t take them because they have an allergy to something in them) Ciprofloxacin or Suprax might be recommended instead.
Speak to your GP if you think you may have cystitis. They will be able to help you find the most suitable form of treatment.
Types of Treatment
Cystitis is a type of urinary tract infection. UTIs are sometimes referred to as bladder infections or water infections.
How you deal with cystitis is largely determined by the severity of your symptoms. Mild cases may pass without the need for remedial intervention, and be treated by simply drinking plenty of water and using over-the-counter pain relief. But the presence of more drastic symptoms could require prescription treatment.
The first-line treatments for UTIs are Trimethroprim and nitrofurantoin (brand name MacroBID).
In the event that neither of the above is suitable, Ciprofloxacin or Suprax may be prescribed as an alternative.
How do they work?
Antibiotics kill the infection by disrupting the growth process of bacterial cells. They do this by inhibiting the ability of these cells to self-produce essential proteins which they feed upon. Once they are no longer able to cultivate these proteins, they stop spreading throughout the body, and are killed off by the immune system.
What are the side effects?
Although they may perform similar actions when applied to treat infections, these medications may differ in terms of potential side effects. Some of the most common side effects of antibiotics include indigestion and diarrhoea.
Can I take them with other medications?
These medicines have been known to interact with other types of treatment. To ensure that an antibiotic is safe for you to take, inform your prescriber of any other prescription or non-prescription medicinal products you are using during consultation.
What’s the difference between the medications?
Typical treatments for cystitis are antibiotics, although they contain different active ingredients.
Some are more preferred for the treatment of UTIs over others, and alternatives are only usually recommended if the first option is not suitable for the patient.
Which should I take?
Your doctor will help you find the most suitable medication during consultation.
Are there different side effects?
Yes. Consult the patient information leaflet for the product to find out more.
Is it right for me?
To find the most suitable treatment for your cystitis symptoms, make an appointment with your GP. They will assess your condition and discuss the available options with you.
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