|Condition||Chlamydia||Gonorrhoea||Syphilis||Genital warts||Genital herpes||Trichomoniasis|
|Typical symptoms in women*||Urinary or abdominal pain, more severe periods, bleeding following sex or between periods, or vaginal discharge.||Urinary or abdominal pain or burning, heavier periods, bleeding after intercourse or between periods (rare), or vaginal discharge (green or yellow).|
Primary stage (within 10-90 days of infection): a chancre on the genitals.
Secondary stage (within a few weeks of primary signs disappearing): sore throat, rash, swollen glands, small wart-like genital skin growths.
|Small fleshy bumps on the vagina, cervix, anal region or upper thighs.||Blisters and sores on the genitals, anus or thighs, urinary pain, vaginal discharge.||Changes in the consistency, smell or colour of vaginal discharge, pain during sex or urination, abdominal pain, or feelings of irritation around the vagina.|
|Complications**||Pelvic inflammatory disease, cervicitis, infertility.||Pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility.||Tertiary stage (months or years following infection): stroke, paralysis, permanent loss of sight or hearing, heart failure, dementia, loss of motor function, or death.||Urinary difficulty, problems during pregnancy.|
Issues during pregnancy, including an increased risk of miscarriage.
Sometimes sores can become infected with bacteria, which can cause the infection to spread to other parts of the body.
|Premature birth in women who are pregnant, or an increased risk of contracting other infections.|
|Typical symptoms in men*||Pain during urination, discharge from the penis, or testicular pain.||Pain or burning during urination, inflamed foreskin, testicular pain (rare), white, yellow or green-coloured penile discharge.||As above.||The appearance of small fleshy bumps on or around the penis, scrotal or anal region, or the upper thighs.||Blisters or sores on or around the penis, anus or thighs, pain during urination.||Penile discharge, increased urinary frequency or pain, swelling and inflammation around the tip of the penis, pain during sex.|
|Complications**||Urethritis, epididymitis, infertility.||Testicular or prostatic infection, drop in fertility.||As above.||Urethral pain, causing problems when passing water.||Spread of the infection if the sores become infected with bacteria.||Increased susceptibility to other STIs|
|Can it be symptomless?||Yes. Approximately 50% of male cases and 80% of female cases present no visible signs.||Yes. Roughly 10% of male cases and 50% of female cases are symptomless.||Not usually but the symptoms of an initial infection can be mild, and may be easy to miss.||Yes. The HPV infection responsible can present no symptoms.||Yes. Symptoms may not become apparent until some time after the infection has been contracted.||Yes. Up to 50% of all cases in both sexes may be symptomless.|
|Transmission method||Unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex, or sharing of sex toys.||Unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex, or sharing of sex toys.||Contact with a sore, through vaginal, anal or oral sex.||Skin-to-skin contact.||Skin-to-skin contact.||Vaginal sex, or the sharing of sex toys.|
|Diagnosis method||Urine sample and a swab.||Urine sample (men) and a vaginal or cervical swab (women).||Examination, blood test and a swab.||Examination of the infected area.||Visual examination, and in some cases a swab.||Physical examination, which may be followed up with a urine sample or a swab.|
|Curable?||Yes.||Yes.||Yes.||The virus itself is not curable, but warts can be treated.||No. But activations can be limited with treatment and sent into remission.||Yes.|
|Treated with ***||First line treatment is either Azithromycin as a one-off dose, or a one week course of Doxycycline.||The first line treatment is a combination of antibiotics given in clinic: ceftriaxone given as an injection, in addition to Azithromycin given as a one-off oral tablet.||The first line is an intramuscular injection of benzathine benzylpenicillin, which can only be administered in clinic.||Topical antiviral cream or solution, such as Warticon, Aldara or Condyline.||Oral antiviral tablets or topical creams or solutions, such as aciclovir, valtrex, famvir or valaciclovir.||A course of antibiotics such as Metronidazole or Tinidazole.|
* - This is not a complete list of possible symptoms. Further information can be found on the information pages for these conditions.
** - Again, this is not a comprehensive list of possible complications. Refer to our other pages for more.
*** - Some bacterial infections have developed a resistance to some types of antibiotics, therefore in some cases a combination of treatments may be issued.