Getting to the bottom of the various symptoms of the most common STIs, and their complications and treatments, can be time consuming.

Researching conditions may also be stressful if you are anxious about symptoms, or are concerned about what having an STI might entail.

The good news is that the vast majority of STIs can be cured, and there are highly effective treatments available for the conditions that can’t be cured. 

To make learning about the basics of STIs easier, we decided to create an information table for quick reference. 

Besides symptoms, complications and treatments, the table also includes how different STIs are transmitted from one person to another, how they’re diagnosed and whether or not they’re curable. 

Although the table above covers some of the most common STIs, it is not exhaustive. For more information about STIs such as pubic lice, HIV and hepatitis, click here.

STI symptoms can be wide-ranging in scope, and you may experience effects that are not listed above. Our symptoms guide provides a more in-depth account.

It can be difficult to identify whether you or your partner has an STI or not, and you may not be sure what to do if there aren’t any obvious symptoms. Our page on how you can tell if someone has an STI provides some clear advice as to what course of action to take. 

STI testing may be a daunting prospect for you, but there are more discreet options available in the form of home testing kits, should you prefer them to making an appointment with your GP, or attending a GUM or sexual health clinic. 

You can send your sample to a laboratory by post, who will establish either a positive or negative result for you. Some test kits will even determine your result without having to send it to a laboratory for testing. 

You can find more information about where to get tested for STIs here.

Page last reviewed:  17/01/2020